How to choose a microwave oven
A microwave oven is an electrical appliance created for cooking, heating and defrosting food. A microwave are available in almost every kitchen. Regardless of the simplicity of the device, the choice of such a technique should be treated responsibly, having previously studied the primary parameters.
Built-in microwave oven . Fits into a kitchen unit, maintaining the unity of the design of the room.
Freestanding. Can be positioned on brackets, table, shelf or in another of the drawers.
Internal volume of the chamber
The chamber volume could be from 17 to 42 liters, depending on model. Spacious microwave ovens are ideal for a large family. Compact microwave ovens can easily deal with heating food, making hot sandwiches or defrosting convenience foods.
This parameter determines the speed of defrosting and cooking. Depending on the task, the microwave should work at a certain power. To help keep food warm, 100?150 W is enough, and 900 W for defrosting. To get ready a full meal, the energy must be around 1400 watts. Most modern models have a wattage from 700 to 1000 watts.
When investing in a microwave oven, it's important to take into account hawaii of the electrical wiring, since powerful models can make additional load on the network.
Frequently, the inner surface of the microwave is covered with among three types of material:
Enamel coating. These microwave ovens are reliable, durable, inexpensive, and an easy task to clean. However, along the way of work, cracks and chips can happen.
Stainless steel cover. It really is characterized by resistance to high temperatures, low price. The disadvantages include the difficulty in cleaning, since you can find traces of drops and fingers on the metal.
Bioceramic coating. Economical, durable material that is an easy task to clean and reduces energy costs. When working with such a microwave, you need to be careful, as bioceramics are quite fragile.
There are two forms of microwave control: mechanical and electronic.
Mechanical control is supplied by rotary switches, most often used in inexpensive models. They are characterized by low cost, ease of management, low possibility of damage.
Electronic control is of three types:
Keypad. Has an attractive design and the ability to change programs. Requires frequent cleaning, as dirt quickly accumulates around the buttons.
Touchpad. Easy to maintain and use, however, sensor elements are prone to breakage and are expensive.
Rotary pushbutton panel. The simplest & most proven option. The disadvantages are the inability to set the exact cooking time.
For lovers of dishes with a "golden crust", microwave ovens with a grill are provided. They are of three types:
Heating element grill. The heating element (tubular electric heater) may be the simplest, most inexpensive type of grill, it can be rotated, providing heating from the side and from the top. It retains heat for years, bakes food well. As well, it is difficult to completely clean and requires plenty of energy.
Quartz grill is really a tubular quartz electric heater located behind a metal grate in the upper area of the stove. Economical, heats up and cooks quickly. Dishes cooked on such a grill taste good. A quartz lamp gets dirty quickly and is difficult to clean.
Infrared grill. Best for crispy dishes. Usually, there are many cooking modes where dishes are prepared quickly, easily, tasty. The infrared grill may be used separately from the oven.
Microwaves with convection .
Such microwave ovens, food is cooked no worse than in ovens. Food positioned on a spit or wire rack is treated with a blast of hot air. Convection is really a useful feature for lovers of baked goods and baked meat.
Reheating and defrosting
These are the most famous microwave functions utilized by consumers. In the microwave, it is possible to defrost meat, fish, vegetables, berries, and in addition reheat a previously prepared dish.
As well as the basic functions, there are numerous of additional ones:
a double boiler (for preparing diet meals);
auto-cooking (built-in modes);
the program "My recipes";
quick start (heating food at maximum power in a short while);
function of double radiation (for uniform heating of dishes);
odor elimination mode;
self-cleaning (steam cleaning mode);
step-by-step cooking function.
Whenever choosing dishes for a microwave oven, you must pay attention to its thermal stability and fire resistance. Porcelain, ceramic, thermoplastic and glassware are suitable for conventional ovens. For microwave ovens with grill and convection, fireproof materials are required.
In addition, cymbals should be free from any metal or gilding.
When shopping for a microwave oven, remember two rules:
It is forbidden to utilize metal, crystal, melamine dishes;
It is allowed to use products manufactured from ceramics, porcelain, plastic, fabric, glass.
Benefits of microwaves
The microwave oven has long become a reliable assistant in the kitchen, cooking with it has the following advantages:
Heating and defrosting functions;
The ability to cook a complete meal;
Insufficient grease, odor, soot;
When cooking without oil, food does not burn;
Economical power consumption.